Dictation is an educational method aimed at learning and introducing the child to the letters of the language, and repeating writing them until he masters them in a complete and excellent manner, and it is necessary to start teaching dictation to children from the end of the fourth year of the child, although this is difficult in his understanding of writing, but it is considered a stage of preparation for the son for the growth of his abilities In order to facilitate his learning when he joins the school, teaching spelling aims to teach the child the shape of letters, the way to draw them, and understanding the basic skills related to writing until he masters them fully.
How do I teach my son spelling?
There are a number of means and methods that help in teaching children spelling correctly, including:
- Teaching spelling through writing:
This method is considered one of the oldest and most simple ways, through which spelling is taught by writing a row of letters (a, b, t, th, c, h) and then repeating writing at the bottom of each column for each letter, where the letter is in the form of Points and the son is asked to reconnect the dots to form the letter more than once, and when he masters this, the previous row is rewritten without writing the columns for dotting the letters, thus making sure that the son preserves the shape of the letter.
- Teaching spelling using the method of spelling letters:
This method aims to do the pronunciation of the letter in the ears of the son, introduce him to the sound of the letter and ask him to repeat it again so that he can understand it, and then write the letter in front of him, and ask him to repeat the writing based on the sound of the letter he heard, and this method can be used as a method Help for the rest of the methods that we will mention later.
- Use of educational cubes method:
Letter cubes are purchased from stores that sell toys or libraries, and in front of the son the letters are arranged on the cubes in the correct manner, and then the son is asked to point to the letter and write it, and this method helps to make dictation entertaining, more interactive and easy.
- Teach spelling using the following words:
In it, the son may find it difficult to learn spelling easily, so he must choose words close to him, and hear them frequently at home, for example, it is possible to start teaching him to write the word “mama, papa” or write names for some easy animals such as “bear” and then move on To teach him to write a sentence such as “Good morning, I love Papa and Mama” and then gradually teach him the rest of the sentences until we make sure he masters spelling them correctly, and always repeat every time we dictate words to him and repeat to avoid distraction in his mind.
- Teaching spelling using tablets:
Modern electronic devices such as tablets help children to teach dictation using the applications available in them, especially with the presence of a kind of these devices specialized in education that provide many simple, easy, and interactive educational means, which help the child learn dictation in an enjoyable way.
What steps do I take for my son to learn to spell?
By following these steps, you can help your child learn spelling:
1- Start with a few words in the first dictation sessions:
When you start teaching your son to dictate, the child should not dictate a large number of sentences that contain a lot of words, but the child should be dictated short sentences so that he does not get bored.
2- Pronouncing the sentence clearly:
You must make sure that the sentences that are used in dictation are pronounced clearly so that the child understands them, and not talk a lot so that your son does not lose his focus and that the mother repeats the sentence several times, and asks her son to repeat it and then write it down and not correct any of the son’s wrong writings at first, perhaps after completing the Writing he can correct for himself, and the fewer words the mother says during the dictation practice, the better for the son’s concentration.
3- Not monitoring the son during dictation:
The mother must give the son the mental space to focus on what he is doing without feeling that he is being watched, and he must feel free not to look at what he writes or stop during the spelling to draw the son’s attention to one of the behaviors he performs such as holding the pen incorrectly or other Other behaviors, not asking to speed up the writing process.
4- Not to speed up the spelling correction process:
This step is also important. It is preferable to encourage children and children to recognize their mistakes and how to deal with them as an educational opportunity. The son can learn from his mistakes and overcome this mistake when he corrects himself.
It is necessary to point out an important point in the event that the previous four steps that were mentioned are used and the child still has problems with dictation, the mother must change the way to deal with dictation and identify the problems that the son faces, such as:
Does the child forget the sentence before he finishes writing it?
If the son suffers from not remembering the words dictated to him by the mother, such as not remembering more than three or four consecutive words at the beginning, here it is necessary to start with short sentences while increasing the words that they can keep in the short-term memory, which is a type of memory and needs The mother to train her son by dictating several short words and then gradually increasing the number of words so that the son can remember the whole sentence and write it correctly.
Does the child write the words incorrectly?
Sometimes it happens because of short-term memory problems that the son has difficulty remembering the whole sentence, but sometimes the child replaces some words or writes them incorrectly, so the mistakes should not be stressed, and when mistakes occur or the son changes a word, the mother must read the sentence The original and asking the son to learn the different words, either he will discover the error and change what he wrote, or the mother may have to use some tricks to teach her son the words he failed.
Recognizing the child’s favorites during dictation:
Some children like to write on a whiteboard and it is one of the educational tools that can be easily modified, and some children prefer to use a paper and a pencil, so it is necessary to identify what the child prefers and make him more comfortable and happy during the dictation session.
Celebrating a child’s achievement:
When the son writes the sentences correctly, the mother should celebrate him and his achievements so that he has the motivation and can accomplish more, and write the long and more difficult sentences, because reinforcement and encouragement is a great incentive for the son to help him learn spelling faster.
Benefit from the amazing visual memory of the child:
It is preferable for the mother to group the words she chose into a column. This will help the son visually to see what the words have in common. The child’s brain loves common patterns.
Overall: Dictation is a great tool for spelling practice because it allows children to use their spelling skills. Practicing dictation in this way can help parents see how their children are progressing, assessing how well they are mastering language arts skills such as reading, writing, speaking and listening.